Yet, while a stringent moralism held in check endemic subversion and anarchy, Darwinism and the machine analogy stimulated endless forms of self-consciousness. If man could fashion and continually improve these engines, perhaps he could also engineer an improved society. Because evolution was at last… Fundamental questions The etymological origins of the term democracy hint at a number of urgent problems that go far beyond semantic issues. A town or city?
Some well-established democratic countries in Europe, however, the United Kingdom, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemburg and the Scandinavian countries are constitutional monarchies, i. Such a king can be regarded as a stabilizing factor rather than as a danger for a democracy.
Therefore the classical definition of democracy is little helpful - at least concerning monarchy. Because the definition of the term democracy opposite to monarchy and aristocracy rather creates confusion with regard to constitutional monarchies instead of establishing clarity, it is more appropriate to define democracy opposite to authoritarian and totalitarian regimes: Democracy Form of government, where a constitution guarantees basic personal and political rights, fair and free elections, and independent courts of law.
Totalitarian regime Government by a little group of leaders on the basis of an ideology, that claims general validity for all aspects of life and usually attempts to replace religion.
The regime does not tolerate any deviation from its state ideology.
Parliamentary democracy, democratic form of government in which the party (or a coalition of parties) with the greatest representation in the parliament (legislature) forms the government, its leader becoming prime minister or chancellor. Executive functions are exercised by members of the parliament appointed by the prime minister to the cabinet. The parties in the minority serve in opposition to the majority and . Democracy refers to a system of government in which supreme power is vested in the people and exercised through a system of direct or indirect representation which is decided through periodic free elections. Democracy is contrasted with communism primarily because the 20th-century communism of the U.S.S.R. was characterized by an authoritarian government, whereas the democracy of the 20th . Constitutional democracy - a form of government in which the sovereign power of the people is spelled out in a governing constitution. Constitutional monarchy - a system of government in which a monarch is guided by a constitution whereby his/her rights, duties, and responsibilities are spelled out in written law or by custom.
Regime opponents are persecuted, tortured, detained in concentration camps and members of ethnic minorities are killed in mass executions genocide. Historic examples of totalitarian regimes include: National Socialism Germany under Hitler, and Stalinism.
Authoritarian regime Government by a little group of leaders.
In contrast to totalitarian regimes, authoritarian regimes have no distinct state ideology and grant some amount of freedom e.
The most important goal of authoritarian regimes is the maintenance of power and the personal enrichment on cost of the country and its population.
Theocracy "Government by God": Usually a certain interpretation of ancient religious laws replaces modern forms of law and is enforced with utmost severity. Islamic Republic of Iran.
Democracy - Key Elements In order to deserve the label modern democracy, a country needs to fulfill some basic requirements - and they need not only be written down in it's constitution but must be kept up in everyday life by politicians and authorities: Separation of Powers between the institutions of the state: There is no such thing as the "perfect form of government" on earth, but any other form of government produces even less desirable results than democracy.
Until today, no other form of government has been invented that could regulate public affairs better than democracy.Democracy is contrasted with communism primarily because the 20th-century communism of the U.S.S.R. was characterized by an authoritarian government, whereas the democracy of the 20th-century U.S.
was characterized by . Representative Democracy •Description •The people elect representatives who then make decisions for them •Example •The United States. Oligarchy •An aristocracy is really not a form of government; rather, it is the name of a select few, such as the strong, the wise, or “contributing” citizens, who have co-opted the right to.
Jan 31, · Best Answer: Democracy is a form of government where the population of a society controls the government. Wiki has pages of plombier-nemours.com: Resolved. Democracy definition, government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system.
See more. Our government is a democracy! Well, for one, as we'll discuss later, the Founders actually feared democratic rule. democracy clearly links to "rule of law" to form a basic principle that profoundly shapes American government.
is a lengthy and sometimes difficult description of the ideal city and government. Plato proposes a division of. Representative Democracy •Description •The people elect representatives who then make decisions for them •Example •The United States.
Oligarchy •An aristocracy is really not a form of government; rather, it is the name of a select few, such as the strong, the wise, or “contributing” citizens, who have co-opted the right to.