Check new design of our homepage! Was the Civil War Inevitable? Many reasons tell us that the answer to the question, 'Was the Civil War inevitable?
Some of it accurate, some of it fantasy. The following attempts to give a brief picture of what it was like. It consists of three articles: Antebellum Slavery, Slavery During the Civil War, which discusses the "peculiar institution" before and during the war, and finally, Slave Life, which discusses the daily lives of slaves, their society and culture.
The source for this page was: At that time colonial courts and legislatures made clear that Africans--unlike white indentured servants--served their masters for life and that their slave status would be inherited by their children. Slavery in the United States ended in the mids.
Abraham Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation of January was a masterful propaganda tactic, but in truth, it proclaimed free only those slaves outside the control of the Federal government--that is, only those in areas still controlled by the Confederacy.
The legal end to slavery in the nation came in December when the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified, it declared: Prior to independence, slavery existed in all the American colonies and therefore was not an issue of sectional debate.
With the arrival of independence, however, the new Northern states--those of New England along with New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey--came to see slavery as contradictory to the ideals of the Revolution and instituted programs of gradual emancipation.
By there were only about 3, slaves in the North, almost all of them working on large farms in New Jersey. Slavery could be abolished more easily in the North because there were far fewer slaves in those states, and they were not a vital part of Northern economies.
There were plenty of free white men to do the sort of labor slaves performed. In fact, the main demand for abolition of slavery came not from those who found it morally wrong but from white working-class men who did not want slaves as rivals for their jobs.
Circumstances in the newly formed Southern states were quite different. The African American population, both slave and free, was much larger. In Virginia and South Carolina in nearly half of the population was of African descent.
Historians have traditionally assumed that South Carolina had a black majority population throughout its pre--Civil War history. But census figures for to show that the state possessed a majority of whites. Other Southern states also had large black minorities.
Because of their ingrained racial prejudice and ignorance about the sophisticated cultures in Africa from which many of their slaves came, Southern whites were convinced that free blacks would be savages--a threat to white survival.
So Southerners believed that slavery was necessary as a means of race control. Of equal importance in the Southern states was the economic role that slaves played.
These states were much more dependent on the agricultural sector of their economies than were Northern ones.
Much of the wealth of Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, the Carolinas, and Georgia came from the cash crops that slaves grew. Indeed, many white Southerners did not believe white men could or should do the backbreaking labor required to produce tobacco, cotton, rice, and indigo, which were the regions chief cash crops.
As a consequence of these factors, the Southern states were determined to retain slavery after the Revolution. Thus began the fatal division between "free states" and "slave states" that led to sectionalism and, ultimately, to civil war.
Some historians have proposed that the evolution of slavery in most New World societies can be divided roughly, and with some risk of over generalization into three stages: In the developmental stage, slaves cleared virgin forests for planting and built the dikes, dams, roads, and buildings necessary for plantations.
In the second, high-profit stage, slave owners earned enormous income from the cash crop they grew for export. In these first two phases, slavery was always very brutal. During the developmental phase, slaves worked in unknown, often dangerous territory, beset by disease and sometimes hostile inhabitants.
Clearing land and performing heavy construction jobs without modern machinery was extremely hard labor, especially in the hot, humid climate of the South. During the high-profit phase, slaves were driven mercilessly to plant, cultivate, and harvest the crops for market.
A failed crop meant the planter could lose his initial investment in land and slaves and possibly suffer bankruptcy. A successful crop could earn such high returns that the slaves were often worked beyond human endurance.
Plantation masters argued callously that it was "cheaper to buy than to breed"--it was cheaper to work the slaves to death and then buy new ones than it was to allow them to live long enough and under sufficiently healthy conditions that they could bear children to increase their numbers.
During this phase, on some of the sugar plantations in Louisiana and the Caribbean, the life span of a slave from initial purchase to death was only seven years. The final, decadent phase of slavery was reached when the land upon which the cash crops were grown had become exhausted--the nutrients in the soil needed to produce large harvests were depleted.
When that happened, the slave regime typically became more relaxed and less labor-intensive.A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets.
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EBook PDF KB This. The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States (U.S.) from to The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S.
history.. Largely as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April , when secessionist forces . The Silver Bear Cafe keeps its subscribers informed on issues that adversely affect the conservation of capital and strategies to preserve and increase ones financial security.
A common explanation is that the Civil War was fought over the moral issue of slavery. In fact, it was the economics of slavery and political control of that system that was central to the. Philip Leigh contributed twenty-four articles to The New York Times Disunion blog, which commemorated the Civil War Sesquicentennial.
Westholme Publishing released three of Phil’s three Civil War books to date: Lee’s Lost Dispatch and Other Civil War Controversies () Trading With the Enemy () Co.
Aytch: Illustrated and Annotated (). Phil has lectured a various Civil War . The Civil War was fought in the years over the issue of slavery.
In simplistic terms the primary causes of Civil War were the differences in opinions about the issue of slavery.