British forwards, towards, rightwards, etc. In both dialects distribution varies somewhat: The Oxford English Dictionary in suggested a semantic distinction for adverbs, with -wards having a more definite directional sense than -ward; subsequent authorities such as Fowler have disputed this contention. American English AmE freely adds the suffix -s to day, night, evening, weekend, Monday, etc.
Poverty is an uncomfortable word. I'm often asked, "What should I expect from kids from low-income households? Just as the phrase middle class tells us little about a person, the word poverty typically tells us little about the students we serve.
We know, for example, that the poor and middle classes have many overlapping values, including valuing education and the importance of hard work Gorski, But if poor people were exactly the same cognitively, socially, emotionally, and behaviorally as those from the middle class, then the exact same teaching provided to both middle-class students and students from poverty would bring the exact same results.
But it doesn't work that way.
In one study of 81, students across the United States, the students not in Title I programs consistently reported higher levels of engagement than students who were eligible for free or reduced-price lunch Yazzie-Mintz, Are children from poverty more likely to struggle with engagement in school?
The answer is yes. Seven differences between middle-class and low-income students show up at school. By understanding those differences and how to address them, teachers can help mitigate some of the negative effects of poverty.
But first, my most important suggestion is to get to know your students well. Without respect—and without taking time to connect with your students—these seven factors will mean little.
Health and Nutrition Overall, poor people are less likely to exercise, get proper diagnoses, receive appropriate and prompt medical attention, or be prescribed appropriate medications or interventions.
The poor have more untreated ear infections and hearing loss issues Menyuk, ; greater exposure to lead Sargent et al. Each of these health-related factors can affect attention, reasoning, learning, and memory.
Nutrition plays a crucial role as well. Children who grow up in poor families are exposed to food with lower nutritional value. This can adversely affect them even in the womb Antonow-Schlorke et al. Moreover, poor nutrition at breakfast affects gray matter mass in children's brains Taki et al.
Skipping breakfast is highly prevalent among urban minority youth, and it negatively affects students' academic achievement by adversely affecting cognition and raising absenteeism Basch, When students experience poor nutrition and diminished health practices, it's harder for them to listen, concentrate, and learn.
Exposure to lead is correlated with poor working memory and weaker ability to link cause and effect. Kids with ear infections may have trouble with sound discrimination, making it tough to follow directions, do highly demanding auditory processing, and understand the teacher.
This can hurt reading ability and other skills. Poor diets also affect behavior. Students can often appear listless with low energy or hyperactive on a sugar "high".
What You Can Do Remember, the two primary foods for the brain are oxygen and glucose; oxygen reacts with glucose to produce energy for cell function. Schools can provide these at zero cost.The Importance of Vocabulary in Writing Every good mechanic has a toolbox full of tools.
Some tools are used more than others, but every one has a specific purpose. A PROPER EDUCATION 1. I left school and university with my head packed full of knowledge; enough of it, anyway, to pass all the examinations that were put in my path.
English has a large vocabulary with an estimated , distinct words and three times that many distinct meanings of words. However, most English teachers will tell you that mastering the most common words in English will give you 90 to 95% comprehension of English newspapers, books, movies, and conversations.
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