Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Varieties of Language Essay Sample In sociolinguistics a variety, also called a lect, is a specific form of a language or language cluster. This may include languages, dialects, accents, registers, styles or other sociolinguistic variation, as well as the standard variety itself. Language Varieties Language variety refers to the various forms of language triggered by social factors.
Accent, Dialect and Language Dr. Orville Boyd Jenkins I received an enquiry from a reader asking more about accents and dialects. His extended questions focused on broad underlying factors related to human speech and the differences that we observe in how individuals and groups speak. What exactly does it mean to have an accent?
To speak is to have an accent. But what causes you to have the one you have? The human individual has to learn to communicate by following a certain model of speech from those around them, family and immediate community, and gradually a wider range of natural and chosen contacts.
An individual and related social, geographical, economic or educational community of people will learn to speak in a certain way. As the initial form of speech is developed, the mind and muscles of speech discard unneeded sounds and configurations. Your brain forms connections, neural channels and pattern.
Thus language actually shapes the way you think. The established patterns of language and the related patterns of thinking and handling information are learned at a pre-conscious level. Speech patterns and related cognitive control are developed before human memory is established in the individual.
Native Patterns By the time a child is years old, their speech patterns, including grammar and speech necessary for every encounter and social need, is established. What is added in formal learning are refinements and specific vocabulary and structural skill.
When an individual needs to learn a second language, the established pronunciation patterns of the original mother tongue, native language interfere with the expected patterns in the target language. This is why the speech of a certain community in a second language is notably related to the whole community of speakers of that original language.
Interference Thus in French, we can identify an American accent, an English accent, a Japanese accent, etc. Various individuals have different inherent neurological skills, motivation or other sensitivities that lead to different levels of skill in developing a native-sounding accent in the second language.
Individuals who grow up around two or more languages retain more of that natural original discrimination that enables infants to originally learn any language into which we are born. These skills can be regained to some degree by simulating those same processes in learning approaches in a new target language community.
How can you overcome an accent? Extensive practice, development of good listening skills, and immersion over a long period in a community of the target language. Some individuals never overcome their accents. This is due to individual neural and cognitive abilities, and the variety of previous experience that specific individual has had.
People who have had trouble communicating well in their native language, like English, will likely have similar trouble becoming highly fluent in their target language.
Motivation and Models Motivation, however, is a great factor, and I have known individuals who are better in fluency, usage and pronunciation in their second language than in their first.
No one, however, can learn or become superior in a second language if they are not around native speakers on which to model.
The learner must hear and follow the examples of the host community. But most people naturally adapt without being aware of it. A Texan I knew once, for instance, had taken graduate study, lived and worked in England.
When she was back home in Dallas, people would note her somewhat funny accent. It was not quite British, but it had a British cast to her Dallas friends. Her speech exhibited some common characteristics of British forms of speech which are many and varied in themselves!
When discussing this phenomenon with us, she commented that her British friends and colleagues still referred to her American or Texan accent! Which was hardly discernible to her Texas family and friends!Those differences may be thought of as dialects —not just accents (the way words are pronounced) but also grammar, vocabulary, syntax and common expressions.
Often a group that is somewhat isolated regionally or socially from other groups will develop a characteristic dialect. Strong accents and dialects are dying out because of the world today needs standard clear communication where everyone speaks and writes in the same way.
Hejazi dialect This paper delves into the history of the Hejazi dialect. The paper researches the various forms of the Hejazi dialect and then provides some brief examples of the difference that this dialect has from other Arabic dialects.
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The internet's leading archive of English-language accents and dialects from around the world. Hundreds of recordings and phonetic transcriptions using the IPA are featured on this website. IDEA 20 years ago as a free and unfunded resource, but the expenses have grown to the point where I need your help.
If every visitor contributed just $1. Language and Dialect 学生 ： 学院 ： 高级翻译学院 年级 ： 级 研究方向 ： 商务翻译研究 课程名称 ： 语言学理论 任课老师 ：莫爱屏教授 论文提交日期 ： /01/08 Abstract: This paper aims to probe into the study of language and dialect in the field of sociolinguistics.
Part 1 is a general.