This is said to allude to a description of the Pyramids of Egypt, by John Greaves, a Persian scholar and Savilian Professor of Astronomy at Oxford, who studied the principle of weights and measures in the Roman Foot and the Denarius, and whose visit to the Pyramids inby aid of his patron Laud, was described in his Pyramidographia.
His writing skill led to his holding important posts in government while the Whigs were in power. Early life Addison was the eldest son of the Reverend Lancelot Addison, later archdeacon of Coventry and dean of Lichfield.
A Collection of E-Books, Poems & Essays. How much, we may ask, is a man really worth? He comes into the physical world, travels along the highway of life for a few years, and then lays aside the working tools of life and passes through the transition that--for want of a better term--men call death. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. Addison fulfills his ambition of being considered a pleasing modern philosopher in [The Aims of the Spectator], which is the 10th edition. In the Spectator No. 62, Addison illustrates the importance of discernible writing in [Wit: True, False, Mixed].
Here began his lifelong friendship with Richard Steelewho later became his literary collaborator. Through distinction in Latin verse he won election as Demy scholar to Magdalen College in and took the degree of M.
He was a fellow from to At Magdalen he spent 10 years as tutor in preparation for a career as a scholar and man of letters. In A Poem to his Majesty William IIIwith a dedication to Lord Keeper Somersthe influential Whig statesman, brought favourable notice not only from Somers but also Charles Montague later earl of Halifaxwho saw in Addison a writer whose services were of potential use to the crown.
A treasury grant offered him opportunity for travel and preparation for government service. The European tour — enabled Addison not only to become acquainted with English diplomats abroad but also to meet contemporary European men of letters. After time in France, he spent the year in leisurely travel in Italy, during which he wrote the prose Remarks on Several Parts of Italy ; rev.
He then toured through Austria, the German states, and the Netherlands before returning to England in Addison was meanwhile appointed commissioner of appeals in excise, a sinecure left vacant by the death of John Locke.
The Campaign, addressed to Marlboroughwas published on December 14 though dated The Whig success in the election of Maywhich saw the return of Somers and Halifax to the Privy Councilbrought Addison increased financial security in an appointment as undersecretary to the secretary of state, a busy and lucrative post.
At this time he began to see much of Steele, helping him write the play The Tender Husband In practical ways Addison also assisted Steele with substantial loans and the appointment as editor of the official London Gazette.
In Addison was elected to Parliament for Lostwithiel in Cornwall, and later in the same year he was made secretary to the earl of Wharton, the new lord lieutenant of Ireland. He served as Irish secretary until August The first number of The Tatler appeared on April 12,while Addison was still in England; but while still in Ireland he began contributing to the new periodical.
Back in London in Septemberhe supplied most of the essays during the winter of —10 before returning to Ireland in May. Joseph Addison, engraving, early 19th century.
Although Addison easily retained his seat in the Commons, his old and powerful patrons were again out of favour, and, for the first time since his appointment as undersecretary inAddison found himself without employment.
Addison continued contributing to the final numbers of The Tatler, which Steele finally brought to a close on January 2, By the end of Steele had enough material for a collected edition of The Tatler.
Thereupon, he and Addison decided to make a fresh start with a new periodical. One feature of The Spectator that deserves particular mention is its critical essays, in which Addison sought to elevate public taste. He devoted a considerable proportion of his essays to literary criticismwhich was to prove influential in the subsequent development of the English novel.
His own gift for drawing realistic human characters found brilliant literary expression in the members of the Spectator Club, in which such figures as Roger de Coverley, Captain Sentry, Sir Andrew Freeport, and the Spectator himself represent important sections of contemporary society.
More than 3, copies of The Spectator were published daily, and the numbers were then collected into seven volumes. Two years later from June 18 to December 20,Addison published 80 additional numbers, with the help of two assistants, and these were later reprinted as volume eight.An essay has been defined in a variety of ways.
One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse". It is difficult to define the genre into which essays .
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The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the All Files: HTTP link in the View the book box to the left to find XML files that contain more Pages: The Spectator was a daily publication founded by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele in England, lasting from to Each "paper", or "number", was approximately 2, words long, and the original run consisted of numbers, beginning on 1 March .
The audience for both The Tattler and The Spectator was vastly different from the one just a generation or two ago. This difference reflects a multitude of changes in society, government, science, and the daily harsh grind of contemporary life.
ESSAYS AND TALES. by Joseph Addison. Contents: Introduction. Public Credit. Household Superstitions. Opera Lions. Women and Wives. The Italian Opera.