At that time Prague was the capital of a province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and thus he was an Austrian citizen, not Czechoslovakian as is frequently stated.
At that time Prague was the capital of a province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and thus he was an Austrian citizen, not Czechoslovakian as is frequently stated. His family, being Jewish, lived near the Prague ghetto.
His father was a master tailor as was his brother Hugo. Throughout his school years Orlik had been passionate about drawing and on leaving school in he was allowed by his father to go to Germany, hoping to be enrolled at the Academy of Fine Art there.
He was not accepted however, so he enrolled at the private art school of Heinrich Knirr in Munich, where a fellow pupil was Paul Klee.
Orlik worked hard, copying old masters at the Munich Pinakothek, constantly improving his techniques. The Academy had a department led by Professor Raab teaching copper engraving.
Orlik enrolled for these classes but was at loggerheads with the professor for branching away from the curriculum, experimenting with all aspects of etching and lithography. In Orlik impetuously left the academy as he felt constrained by conservative academic training.
He wanted to start working in more modern styles and was drawn to the Munich Naturalistic movement and the circle around Wilhelm Leibl. After a year of military training he returned to Prague in and painted and made prints of his friends and surroundings there.
In Orlik returned to Munich to work with his fellow pupil and life-long friend Bernhard Pankok on their first essays in the making of colour woodcut prints. They had seen examples of Japanese woodcut prints and were fascinated by them.
He began contributing illustrations to the journal Jugend. By Orlik was such an accomplished print-maker that four of his small etchings were chosen for publication in the prestigious art magazine PAN. He went on to become a leading set and costume designer for many productions.
Through his friend the writer Maria Rainer Rilke came the opportunity to become a book illustrator. By the end of Max Lehrs, assistant director of the Kupferstichkabinett Graphics Collection in Dresden began to add prints by Orlik to this important museum print collection.
A book titled Malergr?
In Orlik made his first journey abroad, visiting England, Scotland, Belgium and Holland as well as making the first of his many visits to Paris. There he came into contact with the woodcut artist Felix Vallotton and in London with William Nicholson who was making highly innovative woodcut posters and prints.
He recorded his travels in numerous etchings, lithographs and woodcuts. On returning to Prague he established himself in an atelier in an old tower with fine views over the picturesque city.
He retained this studio until The Society was gaining in importance and visitors came from abroad, including K? There was much interchanging of ideas and discussion of Japonisme which was having such an impact throughout Europe, particularly on Art Nouveau and Jugendstil artists, and the Nabis school in Paris.
At the same time artists in America were also coming under this influence notably Mary Cassatt and Helen Hyde. In February Orlik had great success with his first one-man exhibition in Br?
Her father, Max von Gomperz was a wealthy industrialist and patron of the arts. He bought from and commissioned many paintings and other works by Orlik. The extensive Gomperz collection of his work was exhibited at the Jewish Museum in Vienna in He wanted to learn at first hand and at its source how to master the techniques which were of such fascination to him.
He absorbed much knowledge from the artists, woodblock-carvers and printers with whom he worked. He wrote to Max Lehr on 22nd February that he had spent a fortune on acquiring prints, netsuke and other Japanese artefacts. As soon as Orlik arrived home in November he had to prepare for an important exhibition of his work to be held at the prestigious Cassirer Gallery in Berlin in December.
During the following year Orlik had a series of one-man shows in many venues, including one at the Rudolphinum in Prague at which the entire exhibition was bought by the Prague Kupferstichabinett.Online Library of Liberty. A collection of scholarly works about individual liberty and free markets.
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