See Article History Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek languagewith a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day. Later, after the conquests of Alexander the Great, Greek became the common language of the eastern Mediterranean lands and then of the Byzantine Empire. Literature in Greek was produced not only over a much wider area but also by those whose mother tongue was not Greek. Even before the Turkish conquest the area had begun to shrink again, and now it is chiefly confined to Greece and Cyprus.
Is called Renaissance the great artistic and philosophical movement produced in Europe at the end of the 15th century which started in the city of Florence in Italy. This movement manifests itself particularly in the arts, admiring and taking as a model the classical antiquity and its anthropocentrism: The name of Renaissance alludes to what this movement wanted to be: Humanism revitalization during Renaissance period It began as a movement driven by artists and intellectuals, under the sign of humanism; in which for them the figure of man was paramount.
It is an Arts revival in which from the point of view of ethical and aesthetic issues, the proposals represented are no longer absolutely according to the Christian concept of life.
The intellectuals of the Renaissance among other things, were inclined for the fusion of Christian belief with the knowledge of the ancient classical period of Greece and Rome, acting according to it, not oppose to Christianity, but towards been better Christians armed with the understanding of the work of ancient scholars.
Influenced by modern scientific advances like the study of medicine and philosophers works such as Cicero, the renaissance mans developed a particular optic, appreciating beauty through the nostalgia of the classical past. A taste for representing the anatomical realism of human body is developed, accompanied by its accurate graphic representation.
The divine spirit of man, their emotions and their ability to communicate with his creator, are the source of main inspiration in the Renaissance, at the same time pondering the ability of man of been able to create innumerable practical and beautiful things and The periods of greek art the knowledge needed to be a better man and better Christian.
The Italian Cities States; first Florence, then also Venice and Milan, which had seen Greco-Roman culture been displaced from their regions during the middle ages, gradually evolve during the late Gothic period towards a rescue of the ancient traditional concept of beauty. For artists and philosophers of this period, it was necessary returning to the perfection of forms and circumvents what for them were nothing more than the Barbaric Gothic and Byzantine styles.
After the Dark Age and having survived the black plague, begins a period in which there is more appreciation for the individuality and the obtaining of knowledge through personal achievements, which for them were worth as much as gold.
The Renaissance period marks the beginning of the modern era in the history of mankind.
A new cult of Fame from that moment arises and sculptural monuments and paintings are meant to enhance the figures importance and their achievements. No longer being rich marks the only way to belong to a high class, for that point onward is valued the individual as a creator and very appreciate what he is capable to brings to society in terms of knowledge and personal success.
Heroic figures represented by Renaissance artist Artist during Renaissance period begin to be recognized as such. Artists are respected and considered as important elements within the community and are released from the guilds of craftsmen.
For them art was no longer an anonymous service to God and the Church. In the Renaissance the reason and knowledge were the artists personal hymn, praising the beauty, the proportion and harmony, both the nature and the image of the human being, for them essence of the sacred universal whole.
Already recognized as artist and not as mere anonymous craftsmen, they accept custom work petitions from private sector as well as from the clergy. They start signing their works openly during the Renaissance, which helps the history of art to recognize and classify their works from this point onwards more easily.
Main causes of the Renaissance emerge. Such was the case of the artist Filipo Brunelleschi who study the foundations and columns of those monuments. The books mechanically printed made possible more people could have access to them.
New painting techniques in the Renaissance — The invention of linear perspective found by Filipo Brunelleschi in architecture and adapted by Masaccio in painting, marks a significant milestone in the possibility which the artist can represent and express the message, using scientific principles of optics that help the spatial display of scenes.
He constantly experimented with lacquers and adhesives but not all of them gave good results and for this reason his few works many not totally finished are not kept in good condition. Leonardo da Vinci achieved outstanding results with what is known as esfumato in which the tones of colors degrade to merge with each other imperceptibly, creating volume and depth.
In his famous scheme of the Vitruvian man, shows a detailed study of the divine proportion based on the human figure, principle followed later by many other painters.
The artist records, in varying degrees, the distortion that is seen by the eye when an object or figure is viewed at a distance or at an unusual angle. It makes parts of an object or subject closest to you appear much larger relative to other parts or figures.
The closer to the viewer the bigger is the figure. Death of the Virgin Author: Andrea Mantegna It makes parts of an object or subject closest to you appear much larger relative to other parts or figures.Styles and Periods. The art of Ancient Greece is usually divided stylistically into three periods: the Archaic, the Classical and the Hellenistic.
Summary explaining the importancy of the Renaissance period and how come to be such important philosophical thought and artistic style; devoted to learn and works from the classicism and perfection of Greek and Roman art antiquity.
Greek art mainly specialized in architecture and sculpture. Greek art influenced both the West and the East.
Not only did art in the Roman Empire draw Greek influence, but to the East, Alexander the Great’s conquests facilitated centuries of contact between Indian, Central Asian, and Greek cultures.
Learn more about periods and styles in Western art with Grolier Online and Scholastic ART. Greek literature: Greek literature, body of writings in the Greek language, with a continuous history extending from the 1st millennium bc to the present day. From the beginning its writers were Greeks living not only in Greece proper but also in Asia Minor, the Aegean Islands, and .
EARLY BRONZE AGE ( - BC) The Greek Bronze Age or the Early Helladic Era started around BC and lasted till BC in Crete while in the Aegean islands it started in BC.