Notwithstanding the impressive growth record in the recent past, India continues to have high rates of malnutrition. The percentage of under-five children who are moderately underweight and stunted is more than three times higher in India than in China. High levels of child malnutrition potentially result in lower cognitive skills and lower productivity in adult years. Additionally, the widespread prevalence of nutritional deprivation is a larger humanitarian issue.
The Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent brought changes to Indian society. The position of Indian women in society deteriorated during this period.
The Rajputs of Rajasthan, started the practice of Jauhar after a century of Islamic invasions in the 10th century. After the attack by Mohammed-Bin-Qasim in 10th century, and the killing of Raja Dahir, his wife and daughters were sent off as sex slaves to Damascus.
This type of slavery prevalent in 10th century may have resulted in the evolution of Jauhar in Western India, which were the first parts of India exposed to invasions from the Persian and Turkish empires. Polygamy was practised among Hindu Kshatriya rulers.
Nair warrior communities in Kerala practiced polyandry for centuries, during the medieval period up to the British 18th century.
The status of women of Islamic faith followed Islamic precepts, and rules of Sharia. Women were restricted to Zenana areas of the house,[ citation needed ] had to wear the Burqa or niqab, and were not allowed to venture outside alone without a male guardian.
Their rights were dictated by the Sharia law, which prevented women from getting a share of the inherited wealth. The Apastamba Sutra shows the elevated position of women that existed during the 4th century B. A man is not allowed to abandon his wife A 1. He permits daughters to inherit A 2.
There can be no division of property between a husband and a wife, because they are linked inextricably together and have joint custody of the property A 2.
Thus, a wife may make gifts and use the family wealth on her own when her husband is away A 2.
This book shows that role of women during marriage had been specified clearly, and the patriarchal view of society had emerged clearly, as they detail the service of women to men in marriage. However, there were cases of women often becoming prominent in the fields of politics, literature, education and religion also during this period.
Chand Bibi defended Ahmednagar against the powerful Mughal forces of Akbar in the s. The Mughal princesses Jahanara and Zebunnissa were well-known poets, and also influenced the ruling powers.
Tarabai was another female Maratha ruler. In South India, many women administered villages, towns, and divisions, and ushered in new social and religious institutions. Akka Mahadevi was a prominent figure of the Veerashaiva Bhakti movement of the 12th century Karnataka. Her Vachanas in Kannadaa form of didactic poetry, are considered her most notable contribution to Kannada Bhakti literature.
To quote Sir Lepel Griffin K. S, from his books on Sikh history, the Sikh women "have on occasions shown themselves the equals of men in wisdom and administrative ability. A passing reference of the role of some of them towards the end of the eighteenth century and in the first half of the nineteenth century may not be out of place here.
Rani Sada Kaur, widow of Sardar Gurbakhsh Singh Kanaihya and mother-in-law of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, was well versed in the affairs of the state and commanded her soldiers in the battle-field. She was a very shrewd lady with a thorough grasp of statecraft.
Mai Desan, the widow of Charhat Singh Sukarchakia, was a great administrator, an experienced and a wise diplomat who conducted the civil and military affairs dexterously.Women's empowerment is a process in which women gain greater share of control over resources - material, human and intellectual like knowledge, information, ideas and financial resources like money - and access to money and control over decision-making .
"Women empowerment" and "women equality with men" is a universal issue. Women Empowerment refers to increasing and improving the social, economic, political and legal strength of the women, to ensure equal-right to women, and to make them confident enough to claim their rights, such as.
By Mohak Rana, NMIS, School of Law, Mumbai ‘Editor’s Note: Women empowerment is the process of treating the women with same status with that of men in all the fields of the society.
Women Empowerment has become a movement now but in our country it only seems a distant dream. Women Empowerment is a worldwide topic, but it is tremendously required in India. The new India and the old India are still isolated in its musings.
The new India . Challenges. Women empowerment is challenging. In many rural areas, a girl child is seen as an unproductive consumer and a liability. As a consequence, the mindset in these communities is to go for selective gender abortion or an early marriage of the girl plombier-nemours.comr: Sri Sri Ravi Shankar.
It seems women, particularly in rural India, will never be able to experience even a semblance of equality with their male counterparts. So, is women’s empowerment a mere euphemism? Her rights Men and women are born the same way, with distinct capabilities.